Many issues confront prison reformers and criminal justice, many of them relatively futile. Today, reform minded folks are appalled at the racial and wealth disparities at each juncture leading to the outcome of incarceration. Institutional racism is tough to identify with precision.
The nature of our criminal justice system defies attempts to abolish group outcomes. Wrongdoers are judged as people, not as a group. Each individual stands on their very own case. Thus, it is very challenging to change the makeup of a whole large group when each individual was chosen for inclusion based upon individual circumstances, behaviour, prosecution, evidence, crime, laws, defense, prosecutor, plea bargain, jury, judge, correctional decision and appeal.
Efforts to get rid of the enormous racial differences in The United States ‘s prison population are useless in other manners. How much effort should we exert to make rational a punishment system that does not work? Crime and recidivism rates usually demonstrate the ineffectiveness of incarceration, particularly now that most prisoners usually do not perform hard labor. Making incarceration non-discriminatory will not alter the negative outcomes for those sent to prison or we who pay societal costs and the enormous expenses. Sending visitors to prison harms the prisoners as well as society themselves. Unsuccessful systems are fundamentally unjust.
An issue exists concerning the privatization of prisons. This simply debates if the isolating and warehousing functions of penitentiary ought to be carried on by public or private means. The experience of the prisoner is relatively unaffected. Much less interest is shown in the privatization that would create a difference: hard job for private employers. A debate over how to fail is not productive.
The length of prison sentences is open to debate, too. Studies show that increasing the length of prison sentences has relatively little deterrent value. More terms typically equate to worse personal results for wrongdoers. Failure that is just how much is sufficient?
Solitary confinement is debated as it is known to make prisoner insanity, but punish misbehaving prisoners and correctional officials need this sanction for protection reasons, to protect vulnerable prisoners. Isolating offenders from religious groups and schools, jobs, unions, families, communities generally harms the offender and those left behind. The first time a student is suspended or expelled from school is started by this isolation. How much destructive isolation is justified?